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Mental Illness

There are many different conditions that are recognized as mental illness.  The information on the various types of mental illness that is listed below was attained from WebMD.  You can visit their website at www.webmd.comBelow, we have listed the more common types of mental illness:


1.) Anxiety Disorders - People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread, as well as with physical signs of anxiety or nervousness such as rapid heartbeat and sweating.  An anxiety disorder is diagnosed if the person's response is not appropriate for the situation, if the person cannot control the response, or if the anxiety interferes with normal functioning.  Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias.

2.) Mood Disorders - These disorders, also called affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness.  The most common mood disorders are depression, mania, and bipolar disorder.

3.) Psychotic Disorders - These disorders involve distorted awareness and thinking.  Two of the most common symptoms of psychotic disorders are hallucinations - the experience of images or sounds that are not real (such as hearing voices) and delusions - false beliefs that the ill person accepts as true, despite evidence to the contrary.  Schizophrenia is an example of a psychotic disorder.

4.) Eating Disorders - these involve extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors involving weight and food.  Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are the most common eating disorders.

5.) Impulse Control & Addiction Disorders - People with impulse control disorders are unable to resist urges, or impulses, to perform acts that could be harmful to themselves or others.  Pyromania (starting fires), kleptomania (stealing), and compulsive gambling are examples of impulse control disorders.  Alcohol and drugs are common objects of addictions.  Often, people with these disorders become so involved with the objects of their addiction that they begin to ignore their responsibilities and relationships

6.) Personality Disorders - People with personality disorders have extreme and inflexible personality traits that are distressing to the person and/or cause problems in work, school, or social relationships.  In addition, the person's patterns of thinking and behavior significantly differ from the expectations of society, and are so rigid, that they interfere with the person's normal functioning.  Examples include anti-social personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, and paranoid personality disorder



If you have questions about mental health disorders, or wish to make an appointment for yourself or a loved one, please contact our Behavioral Health Access & Information Line at (404) 613-3675.   A clinician from the Fulton County Department of Behavioral Health & Developmental Disabilities is available Monday thru Friday from 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM, and can assist you.  After hours, please call the Georgia Crisis and Access Line at 1-800-715-4225.