Fulton County Health Services urges residents to use preventive measures to deter mosquito growth in their neighborhoods. West Nile Virus (WNV) can cause a serious illness and is transmitted from mosquitoes to humans.
The occurrence of this virus increases in the summer and continues into the fall. â€śWe are in the season for increased mosquito activity,â€ť says Patrice A. Harris, MD, Director of Fulton County Health Services. â€śIn 2011, two human cases of West Nile Virus were identified in Fulton. It is important for us to continue our prevention program and for everyone to use preventive measures to protect themselves and their families against the virus.â€ť
The Fulton County Department of Health Services will be trapping and testing mosquitoes in 30 locations throughout the county. Also, catch basins are treated around identified â€śhot spotsâ€ť associated with areas where WNV activity is known to occur and around locations such as senior centers, schools and hospitals where highly susceptible individuals gather.
Symptoms of WNV include headache, fever, neck discomfort, muscle and joint aches, swollen lymph nodes and a rash. WNV can cause encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) or meningitis (inflammation of the spinal cord and lining of the brain). People with weak immune systems or other underlying conditions are at greater risk of experiencing complications from the disease.
Dr. Harris adds, â€śWest Nile Virus is a serious illness but is preventable if we take action to reduce our exposure to mosquito bites.â€ť
Mosquitoes need water to breed. Eliminate mosquito breeding grounds by removing areas of standing water:
â€˘ Dispose of old tires. Regularly empty any metal cans, ceramic flowerpots, bottles, jars, buckets, and other water-holding containers on your property.
â€˘ Turn over plastic wading pools, outdoor toys and wheelbarrows when not in use.
â€˘ Repair leaky pipes and outside faucets.
â€˘ Keep gutters cleaned and sloped to the downspout.
â€˘ Drill holes in the bottom of recycling containers that are left outdoors.
â€˘ Keep swimming pools clean and properly chlorinated. Remove standing water from pool covers.
â€˘ Make sure windows and screens are in good condition.
â€˘ Purchase and use a larvicide to eliminate mosquito larvae in areas with standing water and in containers that cannot be dumped.
Mosquitoes that carry the WNV bite during the evening, night and early morning. Take precautions to protect yourself and your family during these periods.
â€˘ Use insect repellent containing the active ingredient N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET). Spray the top of your clothing and exposed skin. Be sure to follow the instructions on the label.
â€˘ Wear long-sleeve shirts, long pants, and socks when outdoors, especially at dawn and dusk.
For more information on WNV and prevention methods, call the Mosquito Hotline: 404-730-5296 or contact the Fulton County Department of Health and Wellness, Division of Environmental Health at (404) 613-1301. More information is also located on-line at http//:www.fultoncountygahealth.org.